憲兵搜索民宅違法疑點甚多. Military Police Alleged Illegal Search of Civilian Residence for White Terror Archive.

今天發生憲兵搜索民宅(據稱悉收藏白色恐怖事件文件)並帶走一位鄉民父親的事件,在網路狂燒。憲兵指揮部聲明是依法定程序執行。但沒有搜索票是事實,況當事人並非軍人,憲兵也沒在檢察官指揮下執行,違法疑點甚多,憲兵單位想引用「當事人出於自願性同意者得不使用搜索票」(刑事訴訟131之1)來開脫,但這條文的適用不應浮濫,除必須出示文件及記載於筆錄外,在何種狀況下同意,更應從嚴認定,否則老百姓很容易變相在威脅恐懼下接受,與戒嚴時期無異,憲法和刑訴法保障人身自由之精神,也會慢慢遭到破壞而形同具文。

The military police searched a civilian residence (which allegedly stored archives associated with the White Terror) and took a netizen’s father back to their base today. The news [of this incident] spread like wildfire on the internet. The Military Police Command stated that they followed the legal process. However, the fact was that [the military police] did not have a search warrant, the individual in question was not in the military and it was not led by a prosecutor. The military police unit was trying to exenorate themselves by citing the Code of Criminal Procedure 131-1 that a warrant is not necessary if the individual gives consent. However, this clause should not be over used. Other than the requirement to show the document and keep a record, the context and the situation in which the idividual consents should also be rigorously assessed and carefully determined. Otherwise, it is very easy for civilians to accept their demand under coercion, which is no different from the Martial Law era and will lead to erosion of the freedom protected by the Constitution and the Code of Criminal Procedure.

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About Frank Hsieh

Former Premier, Former Kaohsiung Mayor 前行政院長、前高雄市長
本篇發表於 Facebook文章(中文), Significant events 重大事件, Transitional justice 轉型正義。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

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