轉型正義落實才能真正和解. Transitional justice is necessary for reconciliation.

「轉型正義」講起來似乎抽象,但自覺友人周順吉拿來一份國防部的簽呈就很具體。當年1963年自覺運動風起雲湧,大專和高中參加的有二十多校,威脅到救國團,因此遭受迫害,羅織叛亂罪名,被告許席圖被刑求而發瘋(現仍在玉里療養院),其他被告有的只十八歲,判處無期,部長簽給蔣介石,請求是否寛減,蔣竟簽說「此等叛亂罪不論年齢應依法懲治,許席圖主犯,不論是否精神分裂,不應停審,應判處死刑」。許因病關在療養院未執行,迄今48年,其他則被刑被關,毀掉 一生,這就是戒嚴時代無法無天的真相,所以說不落實轉型正義,台灣社會就無法真正和解。

Transitional justice seems abstract. An official document from the Ministry of Defence, shown to me by a friend, Chou Shun-chi, will give a more concrete idea.

In 1963, the popularity of the Youth Awareness Movement was surging to the point of threatening the standing of the KMT’s China Youth Corps, as approximately 20 colleges and senior high schools participated in the movement. As a result, the KMT persecuted its leaders and accused them of armed rebellion. A co-funder, Hsu Shi-tu, had a mental breakdown after torture and is still in the Yuli Hospital Psychiatric Ward. Other victims were only 18 at the time and sentenced to life imprisonment. Minster of Defence formally enquired if Hsu’s sentence could be reduced. Chiang Kai-shek’s response was ‘This level of rebellion should be punished by law. The main culprit, Hsu Shi-tu, should continue to face trial and be sentenced to death regardless of his mental state.’ Hsu’s sentence has never been served, as he has spent the past 48 years in a mental health unit. Others were imprisoned and had their lives ruined. This is the outrageous truth from the Martial Law era. The Taiwanese society cannot truly reconcile without implementing measures for transitional justice.

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About Frank Hsieh

Former Premier, Former Kaohsiung Mayor 前行政院長、前高雄市長
本篇發表於 Culture & history 文史, Facebook文章(中文), Transitional justice 轉型正義, Tweets (English)。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

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